The German Arctic Expedition of 1869-70: And Narrative of the Wreck of the Hansa in the Ice (Cambridge Library Collection - Polar Exploration) (Paperback)
This heavily illustrated book is an account of a German Arctic expedition, published in 1873-4 by its commander Karl Koldewey (1837-1908) and in this English translation in 1874. The states of northern Germany had a long tradition of trade and exploration in northern waters. As the German empire came into being, two major expeditions were launched, both commanded by Koldewey. The second, of 1869-70, consisted of two vessels, the Germania and the Hansa, a supply ship. The Hansa became separated in fog, failed to reach the fallback rendezvous, was icebound, and finally sank, while the crew survived for nine months on a diminishing ice floe until they reached the coast of Greenland in their surviving small boats. The Germania reached the north of Greenland before encountering pack ice, and was successful in surveying the coast and collecting botanical specimens, before returning safely in 1870.